Franz Krüger (born 10 September 1797 in Großbadegast, Köthen, Anhalt, died 21 January 1857 in Berlin), known as Pferde-Krüger, was a German (Prussian) painter and lithographer.
He was best known for his romantic and lively portraits and pictures of horses, which made him the most in demand military and portrait painter in Berlin. His paintings of military parades and hundreds of portraits led to him painting many of the 'well to do' of the city. Life
Krüger was the son of a nobleman, and his friendship with the ornithologist Johann Friedrich Naumann from the neighbouring town of Ziebigk led him into animal paintings. During his schooldays in Dessau, he came into contact with the landscape painter Karl Kolbe the elder. Krüger studied from 1812-181at the art academy of Berlin and later tried his own hand at nature painting. In 1818, his military paintings were exhibited in the art academy for the first time. His portrait of Prince August of Prussia (a son of Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia) and Lord Neidhardt von Gneisenau lay the foundations for his fame as a portrait artist, and also led to further works of the royal family. In 1825, he was named as Royal Professor, and part of the Art Academy. Many trips to the Russian Tsar Palace in St. Petersburg and the castles in Hannover and Schwerin followed. During a study trip to Paris in 1846, he met Eugène Delacroix. After the revolutions of 1848, he returned to Dessau, but in 1855, he took part in the World Exhibition in Paris.
In 1825, he married an artist called Johanna Eunicke. She died in 1856. He died the year after, and was buried at Dorotheenstädtisch-Friedrichswerderscher Friedhof in Berlin.
One of his students was the animal painter Carl Steffeck.